WASHINGTON – The Biden administration will formally accuse the Chinese government on Monday of violating microSFT email systems used by many of the world’s largest companies, governments and military contractors, a senior administration official said. The United States is also ready to organize a broad group of allies, including all NATO members, to condemn Beijing for cyberettex around the world.

The official, speaking on condition of anonymity, added that the United States expects for the first time that China will be accused of paying criminal groups for large-scale hacking, including ransomware attacks on embezzlement companies. Microsoft in March pointed to hackers linked to China’s state security ministry for exploiting holes in the company’s email systems; Details about the methods used in the U.S. declaration will be presented, and is the first suggestion that the Chinese government hired criminal groups to act on its behalf.

Condemnation from NATO and the European Union is unusual, as most of their member states have been deeply reluctant to publicly criticize China for engaging in major public trade partnerships. But even Germany, whose companies have been hit hard by the hacking of the micro .ft exchange – email systems that companies maintain instead of putting them in the cloud – has been cited by the Chinese government for its work.

Although widespread, Alan will lack concrete punitive measures against the same Chinese government as the sanctions imposed on Russia by the White House in April, when he blamed U.S. government agencies for the country-affected Solarwinds attack and more than 100 companies.

By imposing sanctions on Russia and organizing allies to condemn China, the Biden administration, along with its two main geopolitical opponents, has plunged deeper into the digital Cold War than at any time in modern history.

While there is nothing new about digital espionage from Russia and China – and attempts by Washington to block it – the Biden administration has been surprisingly aggressive in summoning both countries and planning an integrated response.

But, so far, it has not yet found the right combination of protective and offensive actions to create an effective vulnerability, most outside experts say. And the Russians and the Chinese have become more courageous. The Solarwinds attack was an attempt by Russia’s main intelligence service to modify the code in widely used network-management software to gain gain access to more than 18,000 businesses, federal agencies and think tanks.

China’s efforts were not so civilized, but it took advantage of a vulnerability that Microsoft did not use to spy on them and would reduce confidence in the security of the systems that companies use for their primary communications. A senior administration official said there was “high confidence” that officials said the hacking of the Microsoft email system was carried out at the behest of the state security ministry, and was introduced by private actors. Hired by Chinese intelligence.

The hacking affected thousands of systems, including military contractors.

The last time China was monitored on such a large scale was in 2001, when it stole more than 3 million security-clearance files from the FISC of personnel management, giving a deeper understanding of the lives of Americans who have been wiped out for the country’s preservation. Secrets.

President Biden was received last month by Russian President Vladimir V. He has promised to strengthen the government by focusing on his summit in Geneva with Putin. But his administration has faced questions about how it will address the growing threat from China, especially after the public revelation of micro .ft hacking.

Speaking to reporters on Sunday, the senior administration official acknowledged that public condemnation of China would only do so much to prevent future attacks.

“No action in cyberspace can change China’s behavior,” the official said. “And not just one country could act on its own.”

But the decision not to impose sanctions on China was also telling: this was a move that many allies did not agree to take.

Instead, the Biden administration settled on uniting enough allies to join China’s public declaration, in order to increase pressure on Beijing to reduce cyberattacks.

The joint statement is unusually comprehensive, criticizing China, which will be represented by the United States, Australia, Australia, Britain, Canada, the European Union, Japan and New Zealand. It is also the first such statement by NATO to publicly target Beijing for cybercrime.

The official said the National Security Agency and the FBI would release more details about Chinese “tricks, techniques and actions” in cyberspace on Monday, such as how Beijing contracts to attack criminal groups for its government’s financial gain.

The FBI has taken an unusual step in hacking Microsoft Microsoft: In addition to investigating the attacks, the agency obtained a court order allowing it to access unparalleled corporate systems and remove remaining code elements by Chinese hackers that could allow follow-up attacks. . It was the first time the FBI had acted immediately to investigate the attack as well as its perpetrators.